As compelling dramas, cultural conflicts reveal powerful competing accounts of the issues at stake to the parties themselves, to potential dispute settlement specialists, and to scholars. In these conflicts, while there are always substantive, tangible issues dividing the parties, it is also the case that cultural assertion of exclusive identities invariably contributes significantly to heightened tensions, intransigent positions and, sometimes, to violence. By 1995, however, Palestinians felt that Israel was not fully abiding by the interim agreement and that they had received few tangible benefits from the end to terror and their political acceptance of Israel. To do so, it deconstructs the anchoring concepts underpinning this research, namely sustainable peace, identity, culture and worldview, and examines how they intersect and relate to intergroup conflict. By looking at the formulation of heritage policies of Lancang County, Christina Maags illustrates how the administrative fragmentation resulted in both administrative contestation and cultural contestation, with a threatened local identity at its core.
Group identity is a collective process that connects individuals to groups and defines shared 1 Cultural Contestation in Ethnic Conflict worldviews and interests Northrup 1989. Both fears involve feelings of vulnerability, denigration, and humiliation that link past losses to present dangers. The Essays Collected In This Volume Spanning Different Countries And Periods Try To Offer A Taste Of This Interesting Variety. The most common answer to this question is that clashing interests over tangible resources such as land, jobs, or control of the state, create zero-sum conflicts that endure when the parties believe losing them can have disastrous consequences. While there is often an important linkage between culture and politics, as Huntington suggests, cultural differences themselves are not at the core of these conflicts.
To remedy this shortcoming, the article turns to the structural theories of narrative to conceptualize the negotiation of identity as a negotiation of literary plots. Во-вторых, в исследованиях активно использовался, особенно на первом этапе, метод фокус групп. Catholics grant little legitimacy to the Northern Ireland government that ruled from 1920 to 1972 since Protestant rule meant systematic discrimination against Catholics in politics, employment, and housing as well as denigration of their culture and attacks upon their religion. History education narratives frame identity, dis trust or peaceful coexistence, and provide exemplars of how social conflicts and injustice have been handled in the past. There is a great fear of appearing too weak in the face of out-group challenges, and a continuing distrust of the motives of the other side.
Background to the conflict Northern Ireland has a population of almost 1. The chapter also introduces the South African case study and provides notes on the methodology underpinning the research informing this book. Rather, solutions must also address basic threats to identity and the intense sense of victimization expressed in cultural and political acts. Industrialization, in-migration, and a Catalan linguistic and cultural revival marked the nineteenth century as Catalans pressed for regional autonomy. Failure by democratic states to resolve protracted international territorial disputes has often been traced to domestic politics.
This paper explores one of the defining aspects of politics and identity in Northern Ireland : the control and utilisation of public space, particularly urban public space. Psychocultural narratives Psychocultural narratives are explanations for events — large and small — in the form of short, common sense accounts stories that often seem 31 Cultural Contestation in Ethnic Conflict simple. Before opposing parties can come to the table to renegotiate their incompatible interests and change their behaviors and relationship, there often needs to be bridging in the form of inclusive cultural expressions that link formerly opposing communities or redefine older rituals to be less threatening and exclusive. Core beliefs of many religions, after all, flourish without proof. Central to these accounts is the attribution of motives to parties Pruitt and Rubin 1985: 103.
His analysis explores how culture frames interests, structures demand-making and shapes how opponents can find common ground to produce constructive outcomes to long-term disputes. In Northern Ireland, opposing identities continue to be defined in mutually exclusive terms. Competing narratives in Northern Ireland Competing Protestant and Catholic narratives about Northern Ireland are surprisingly different considering that each addresses a shared history in a small place. Although negotiations continued, Clinton offered a set of bridging proposals in his last month in office and Israeli and Palestinian negotiators came very close to an agreement in January 2001. Было бы неверно сводить справедливость лишь к текущему моменту, тем способам распределения, которые бытуют в современной социальной ситуации.
Ross shows that, contrary to popular belief, culture does not necessarily exacerbate conflict; rather, the constructed nature of psychocultural narratives can. Intractable conflicts occur when groups have conflicting goals that they consider to be essential for their survival. My sense is that this hypothesis is more likely to be correct with regard to immigrant minorities than it is in the case of indigenous or territorially based groups, as Kymlicka 1998 argues in the case of language. Popular and scholarly accounts of the past change as particular details are selectively remembered and forgotten, and lessons drawn from the past are selectively emphasized. Israeli troops were not withdrawn from Lebanon until 2000.
They are symbolically salient expressions of collective identity as well. Movement between the phases is often uneven and some disputes remain mired at the crisis phase. Продолжить исследования необходимо еще и потому, что разработанные в нем инструменты должны пройти тестирование в этноконтактных ситуациях, в регионах, где взаимодействуют друг с другом на постоянной основе этнические группы, по-разному представленные в социальной и экономической сфере, имеющие разные культурные основания. Analysis of narratives at these different levels helps us understand what is motivating the parties in a conflict. Following this incident, a court ruled that the statue could not be removed, effectively closing the mosque. Catholic narratives about the parades emphasize their celebration of the Protestant triumphalism and the oppression that marked centuries of British rule and Protestant domination in the region. Они сохраняют образы героев и мучеников, тех, кто пострадал за свой народ, и тех, кто предавал его интересы.
The reenactment created tremendous enthusiasm and built widespread support for Afrikaner nationalist goals and political leaders. Why do people invest so much emotional energy and resources in such conflicts? Catholics attributed this to Protestant intransigence and to British support for them and as a result many saw the militarization of the conflict as inevitable. This book clarifies the theoretical foundations of intercultural dialogue and demonstrates the practical significance of intercultural value inquiry, combining the perspectives of philosophy, conflict research, religious studies, and education. Without privileging any specific explanation of why ethnic conflict happens at a specific place and time or why attempts at preventing or settling it might fail or succeed, the Routledge Handbook of Ethnic Conflict enables readers to gain better insights into such defining moments in post-Cold War international history as the disintegrations of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia and their respective consequences and the genocide in Rwanda, as well as the relative success of conflict settlement efforts in Northern Ireland, Macedonia, and Aceh. In this article we reconstruct the Zwarte Piet narratives, and explain why these are so incommensurable.
In identity-rooted conflicts, group emotions link recent events to older, collective memories of unresolved losses in ways that make them difficult to settle. Despite such divisions, the author then argues that the creation of mosaicness at important shrines nevertheless may foster communitas, as revealed by the failure of terrorist attacks on Hindu temples in Varanasi to incite inter-religious violence. The dilemma is like a two-level game in which the rewards for in-group political success are often antithetical to those that promote between-group cooperation. What I hope readers will take away from this book is a sense that even when ethnic conflict is intense, or when groups that appeared to have found a way to coexist return to violence, we should not simply wring our hands and believe that ancient hatreds make ongoing violent conflict inevitable. My interest here is solely in the narratives the parties in a conflict recount, not in the analytic narratives that academic or other analysts develop to explain the unfolding of events.