Egyptology - The branch of archaeology that specializes in the study of Egyptian civilization. Old World - Regions of the world Europe, Asia, Africa known to Europeans before the discovery of the New World Americas by Christopher Columbus. The Oxford Dictionary Online is a warehouse of over 600,000 words. Reconnaissance - A method of gathering data, often associated with surface surveys, in which archaeological remains are systematically identified and plotted on a map. The technique is based on the fact that trees add a ring of growth annually, and counting the rings gives the age of the tree.
A total station calculates angles and distances for surveyed objects. Sediments - Soils that have been transported over distances and have accumulated in a new area. Acheulean - A stone tool industry, in use from about 1. Woot ex : Especially in electronic communication Used to express elation, enthusiasm, or triumph. English, Arthur An Uncommon Nineteenth-Century Law Dictionary English, Arthur.
Archaeoastronomy - The study of ancient astronomical knowledge and its role in past cultures. Debitage - Small pieces of stone debris that break off during the manufacturing of stone tools. Conservation - A branch of archaeology that deals with the stabilization, preservation, repair, reconstruction, and general management of material culture and natural resources. This list first ran in 2015. Screenager n : A person in their teens or twenties who has an aptitude for computers and the Internet.
Diffusion - The transmission of ideas or materials from culture to culture, or from one area to another. Biological anthropologists deal primarily with the evolution of humans and primates. This is an uncommon book. Square - In archaeology, this term refers to subdivisions of a site or a larger excavation unit. Three age system - Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age: devised by Christian Thomsen in the early 19th century to organize artifacts chronologically and enhance museum displays, the system is based on the idea of technical progression of materials used in prehistory. E, defined by the widespread use of bronze as a material for tools, weapons, and ornaments. These winds are believed to cause headaches and other feelings of illness.
Demand for privately-owned art and artifacts fuels further looting. Hater n : A person who greatly dislikes a specified person or thing. Ecofacts - Archaeological finds that are of cultural significance, but were not manufactured by humans. Tufa - Solidified volcanic ash. The term applies only to the study of societies with written records. Illiterati n : People who are not well educated or well informed about a particular subject or sphere of activity. These include bones and vegetal remains that can tell us about past diet or environments.
Doric column - Tapering column, generally fluted, with a simple, squared capital and no base. Here are some more recent additions with their official definitions. Hunter-gatherers - A community or group that subsists primarily by hunting wild game and gathering wild plant resources. Two examples of this are the words for astronomy and arithmetic. Chipped stone tool - Stone tool made by striking a stone core or preform with another stone hammerstone or other hard material such as antler.
Paleolithic - The early stage of the Stone Age, beginning about 750,000 years ago. Guyliner n : Eyeliner that is worn by men. Middle English changed considerably over the centuries to include a number of French words in the vocabulary. Some estimates claim that about half of the words used today have their roots in Old English. Salvage Archaeology - See Rescue Archaeology.
Grave goods - Objects placed within human burials to equip a person for the afterlife or to identify the deceased. Tumulus - A large, earthen mound built above a tomb or grave. If you miss your old Trabant and those weekly visits from the secret police, you may have Ostalgie. Slip - In ceramics, a dilute clay solution used for coating pottery, usually as decoration. The buildings on the Athenian Acropolis were important for trade and worship.
Primary Context - The context of an artifact, feature, or site that has not been disturbed since its original deposition. Following the invasion and conquest, the English language entered the period of Middle English. Flexed burial - A body buried in the fetal position curled on its side. Equivalent to a polis in ancient Greece. Also known as Salvage Archaeology. A Dictionary of Words and Phrases Used in Ancient and Modern Law.