Artificial intelligence: An empirical science. In this study, we focus particularly on the project-independent portion of a knowledge system, which will be reused as a library in different projects. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications; vol. Communication and organizational knowledge: Contemporary issues for theory and practice. Attitude-control model identification of on-orbit satellites actuated by reaction wheels. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 38.
Functional Requirements and Conceptual Design of the Feature-based Modeling System , Computer-Aided Engineering Journal, 9— 15. The purpose of this survey is to document the current state of research and development in this crucial design activity and in doing so, to identify avenues of fruitful exploration. Gallen, Institute of Information Management. Intuitively, the notion of productivity includes the contrast between the inputs and outputs of a process. Therefore, capturing and representing product design information, design intents, and underlining design knowledge for later reuse is the basis of and one of the key tasks in engineering knowledge management. Economic Development Quarterly 18: 10- 29.
They are the most valuable sources for capitalizing enterprise knowledge and know-how on building enterprise memory, which may become part of enterprise assets. In order to achieve the goal, two powerful formalisms, i. This extension, however, has not required any change in the design of the other subsystems. Measures related to this question will be the increase in code size during a project cycle and the person-hours spent on the process. Volume 27, Issue 2, April 2007, Pages 104-118 Choi, B. This question refers to productivity, which is an external attribute that cannot be measured directly. Finally, we must be very careful in dealing with the productivity measure used here, because it takes account only of lines of code divided by coding hours, without regard to the quality or creativity of the development process.
Organizational Science, vol 5, no. From the perspective of the high-level system structure, the configuration of the scheduling system has grown according to the three project cycles, as shown in Figure. Interpretations of a quality factor usually depend on the perspectives of the observers, who may include software engineers, domain experts, and end users. First, measurement must be top-down, clarifying what measures should be collected. In contrast to conventional scheduling systems, which create a static schedule for the next day or week, this scheduling system responds to the up-to-date manufacturing progress iteratively in the shorter cycle time. The origins of endogenous growth. On the other hand, in the project-specific portion, the subsystem ratio and the total size changed substantially through all the project cycles.
An Expert System Building Tool Supporting Knowledge Compilation and Management , In: International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence. Once this question is posed, it is necessary to measure the code size of each high-level module. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1: 107- 82. A contribution to the empirics of economic growth. Proceeding of the 2008 Conference on Knowledge-Based Software Engineering: Proceedings of the Eighth Joint Conference on Knowledge-Based Software Engineering.
The schedule model, however, includes a large extension in the project-specific portion, which has grown radically due to the enhancement of the system on the plant floor. Every effort deals with some of the issues mentioned above, but it is almost impossible to conduct a long-term empirical study for a number of real-life tasks. It is important to keep this distinction in mind when conducting an empirical study with measurements. The ultimate goal of knowledge reuse is to demonstrate that qualified knowledge libraries facilitate the development of knowledge systems in real life, not only for the prototype and first release, but also for the further enhancement and maintenance of the systems. Therefore, a possible interpretation is that the productivity was relatively low 13. After inconsistency resolution operations, learning is improved.
Knowledge Management: The Human Factor. A certain amount of backtracking is an inevitable feature of top-down approaches. The system was extended from a simple configuration without any scheduling method to a configuration with two types of method. The system has excellent design support facilities, which are discussed. Many of them do not provide the features necessary to support cooperative multi-site software projects or process management. Easy programming: Empowering people to build their own applications.
The information economy: Definition and measurement Special Publication 77-12. Ed , Managing Knowledge: Critical Investigations of Work and Learning, Machmillan Business. Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. The person-hours spent on realizing the project-specific portion of the scheduling methods accounted for only about 10%, or 20 hours 4 hours for the forecasting function and 16 hours for the release control function of the total coding hours 209 hours for the project-specific portion throughout the three project cycles. The Leader's New Work: Building Learning Organizations. A pitfall then is that over-commitment to an individual problem may spoil the reusability of the library. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications; vol.
Improved Station Keeping Strategy of Spacecraft Flying Around Sun- Earth Libration Point. Information and Management, 42 3 , pp. New York: Columbia University Press. However, libraries of problem-solving knowledge evolve according to the clarification of implicit ontological commitments. Second, the collected data must be interpreted in the context of a goal and objective. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 84: 210- 29. In the literature there have been quite a few different approaches proposed to this issue e.
Ontology assessment by coupling and cohesion measures. Spatial convergence and spillovers in American invention. The scheduling methods in the library thus reduced the workload involved in developing the scheduling system. Methodology and System Framework for Knowledge Management in Allied Concurrent Engineering, to Appear. Economic geography and public policy. Libraries of problem-solving methods have been proposed to facilitate the reuse of problem-solving knowledge. Requirements specifications usually have components that are ambiguous, incomplete, or even contradictory.