Chapter 5 - Political Uses of the Past. The Official Memory of 1977 6. Nevertheless, the protests were violently struck down when left-wing student Francesco Lorusso was killed by police forces during clashes, resulting in an urban guerriglia. It does so through a discussion of commemorative rituals, memory sites and other forms of 'memory work' performed by various social groups within the local setting of Bologna, where a left-wing student and protester was shot dead by police in 1977. The impact of public narratives on the construction of individual and collective memories was at the heart of the first panel, chaired by Katrin Wehling-Giorgi University of Warwick , on Family, Generation and Memory. The E-mail message field is required. It does so through a discussion of commemorative rituals, memory sites and other forms of 'memory work' performed by various social groups within the local setting of Bologna, where a left-wing student and protester was shot dead by police in 1977.
I have published in various peer-reviewed journals and also co- edited four special journal issues, as well as the volume 'Memory in a Mediated World: Remembrance and Reconstruction' 2015. The chapter then provides insight into the relationship between death and identity formation, emotions and protest, the tensions between heroism and victimhood, and the concept of generational memory. That was what prompted me to embark on a project in which I tried to understand how contentious memories of political and police violence originate, develop over time and are re negotiated by different memory agents, and why. Chapter 6 - Rebuilding Group Identities to the Far Left This chapter focuses on the alternative left-wing milieu. More importantly, it was the site of the earliest feminist theoretical production in Italy. Memory Sites: the Negotiation of Protest in the Urban Space -- Conclusion: Blocked in Private Spaces.
By drawing on this fascinating case study, Andrea Hajek lays bare the dynamic relation between official and unofficial memories of conflict and and explores the challenges of historical research into social movements. The text was written beneath a glass plate which covers the bullet holes that serve as a painful reminder of the death of left-wing student Francesco Lorusso, killed by a police officer during clashes between students and police forces, on 11 March 1977. Chapter 3 - The Trauma of 1977 The third chapter explores the origins and composition of the 1977 student movement in Italy. A diverse range of papers considered subjects which included parenting as a role and identity, the influence of migration on identities and identity practices, and the experiences of women as activists in 1970s Europe. And we realize that, as we go on, we are the only power that we have. A number of young, left-wing activists that draw on the myth of 1977 in Bologna and in particular on the memory of the local Workers Autonomy faction appropriate this memory in a similarly nostalgic manner.
Thus, it differs from other inquiries by focusing on the objects of the student rebellion, the so-called establishment. It also explores the concessions and compromises his companions made in order to give his memory visibility in the public sphere. Its effect is moderated, however, by general ideological preferences and party identification. Through the application of oral history methodology, it creates a more inclusive and complex history which moves beyond established memories of 1968. Theodor Adorno once wrote that anything in the past that has been negated or distorted will weigh on the future as a mortgage cited in Jedlowski, 2008, p.
I had walked past this site many times without ever noticing it. She combined fascinating glimpses into the lives of two Cumbrian women with sharp theoretical insights into the development of oral history as a field; the key issues to address as a researcher; and pathways for the future. Although more than 30 years have past, Italy continues to struggle with the difficult memory of the 1970s, a decade marked by an extreme intensification of political violence. Abstract: Negotiating Memories of Protest in Western Europe explores the transmission of memories of 1970s protest movements in Italy, Germany, France and Great Britain. While we may approach someone to interview them in either their professional or their personal capacity, we often would like to know about both, which may prove difficult. It thus identifies strategies of selection and omission in the creation of a national history of the 1970s.
In: Negotiating Memories of Protest in Western Europe. I had walked past this site many times without ever noticing it. This first came to my attention when a friend pointed out to me a curious commemorative site only one block from where I was living at the time: it consisted of a plaque recalling the violent death of a certain Francesco Lorusso. The Official Memory of 1977 6. This chapter describes how affluence and protest in the 1960s, under an apparent revival of collectivist ideologies, marked the beginning of an era mostly defined by individualist sensibilities and desire for personal fulfillment. Table of Contents Introduction: Negotiating Memories of Protest 1.
The chapter explores debates about difficult memories and how these were negotiated in the public sphere, and promotes a more general discussion about the role of memory sites in the creation of shared memory discourses and reconciliation processes. We are attempting to contact authors whose theses are affected. The Trauma of 1977 4. One of the most memorable years of this decade was 1977, when a new student movement stood up against the established order. By drawing on this fascinating case study, Andrea Hajek lays bare the dynamic relation between official and unofficial memories of conflict and and explores the challenges of historical research into social movements-- Read more. Although we must remain critical of the actual impact of social media and consider the fact that the internet often serves as no more than a tool to get messages across or to logistically organize mobilization Eaton, 2013, p.
In 1988 former student leader Mario Capanna published Formidabili quegli anni, his personal account of the 1968 events in Italy. What is the impact of a similar, digital approach to women's history on the nature of historical scholarship and the shape of the archive? This article, instead, challenges this assumption by studying the case of an information-based organization that was created in the early 1980s by a group of local feminists in the Italian city of Bologna, and which adopted a strongly digital approach to historical scholarship in the early 1990s. In this article I analyse how a number of Italian, left-wing youth groups centri sociali reacted to the earthquake that struck the Emilia-Romagna region in 2012, forcing thousands of people to relocate into the tendopoli camps run by the Italian Civil Protection Protezione Civile. Alternative access to the full-text × Request a Copy The file s for this record are currently under an embargo. Memory Sites: the Negotiation of Protest in the Urban Space Conclusion: Blocked in Private Spaces Notes Bibliography Negotiating Memories of Protest in Western Europe explores the transmission of memories of 1970s protest movements in Italy, Germany, France and Great Britain. However, comparative evidence on the motives of their voters is relatively scarce.
The question of how subjective identities are composed in the oral-history interview has been the focus of much recent scholarship. Rebuilding Group Identities to the Far Left 7. It does so through a discussion of commemorative rituals, memory sites and other forms of 'memory work' performed by various social groups within the local setting of Bologna, where a left-wing student and protester was shot dead by police in 1977. Political Violence in Perspective -- 2. This changed radically in the 1970s, when second-wave feminism redefined gender relations and experimented with new paths of life not determined by matrimony and maternity. Many of these previous works stress the global quality of the 1968 unrest and focus upon the similarities that the Italian student movement had with other student movements in Western Europe and the United States.