Furthermore, its records are made easily accessible by the excellent indexing and other facilities of the local Record Office. Then the Christian Inquisitors, in their attempt to stamp out paganism, turned this cult of pre-Christian gaiety into a deadly onslaught on the values of society. A Trial of Witches is a complete account of this sensational trial and an analysis of the court procedures, and the larger social, cultural and political concerns of the period. The questions asked are those that exercised nineteenth-century writers: Were the Protestants or Catholics to blame? Both politically and religiously it had a reputation for radicalism. He explores human attempts to comprehend, harness or accommodate these powers through magic and witchcraft, and the role of the supernatural in early modern science. There is no consensus of opinion on their meaning, either among present-day historians and anthropologists or among writers living in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Witchcraft Prosecutions and Religion -- 15. That they have been able to do so owes much to the following book, to which my comments will, I hope, have served as a useful introduction. The book provides an important case study on Essex as well as drawing comparisons with other regions of early modern England. It all sounds ludicrous but in a superstitious age these stories could have been believed. Pearson was found guilty of witchcraft but not murder and so was given a one year prison sentence, Preston was hanged at York because she lived in Yorkshire and Southerns died in prison before the trial.
Reining, The Zande Scheme: an Anthropological Case Study of Economic Development in Africa Evanston, Ill. Definitions of Witchcraft -- Bibliography of Printed and Unprinted Sources -- Place Index of Essex Witchcraft References -- General Index. But in late Elizabethan England, the period of most heavy Assize prosecutions for witchcraft in Essex, circumstances were operating to ensure that there were more poor people about, and that attitudes against them were hardening. And, of course, it was Keith Thomas, not Macfarlane, who was to be taken to task by an anthropologist for the allegedly selective and oversimplified way in which he had used anthropological findings. Only 104 were hanged but 209 were convicted.
Rose, A Razor for a Goat Toronto, 1962. Evans-Pritchard, Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic among the Azande Oxford, 1937 , p. It provides a rereading of English witchcraft, one which moves away from an older historiography which underplays the role of the Devil in English witchcraft and instead highlights the crucial role that the Devil, often in the form of a familiar spirit, took in English witchcraft belief. England 1640—1660 Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1986 , p. A slave named Titiuba probably showed some girls witchcraft and they overreacted to put it mildly and developed fainting, seizures, and other symptoms. The following study has expanded the area of investigation in one direction—by posing questions uninvestigated by previous historians and by using sources untapped for the history of witchcraft.
One such was the connection between women and witchcraft accusations. The essay has nothing to say which is helpful in explaining English witchcraft, for, as the author readily admits, England proves an exception to almost all the theories. The difference made can be seen from the fact that, from all sources and for the whole of England, Notestein had only been able to compile a list of approximately 400 references. William Monter, Witchcraft in France and Switzerland: the Borderlands during the Reformation Ithaca, N. The Background to Witchcraft Prosecutions in Three Essex Villages, 1560-99 -- Part Two. I know absolutely nothing about witchcraft, apart from watching Charmed lol!! The footnotes show that the evidence used is the same as that employed by Lea, Soldan, Hansen, and other late nineteenthcentury authorities who are so constantly cited.
I have always had a strong belief in the power of the universe, and no, I am not a nut, but, I have practised white witchcraft. Witchcraft beliefs and accusations occurred throughout most of Europe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Margaret Murray, The Witch Cult in Western Europe: a Study in Anthropology Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1921. The Intensity of Witchcraft Prosecutions: Evidence from Assize and Quarter Sessions Records -- 4. Penry Williams, The Tudor Regime Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1979 , pp.
We are so enlightened now, but even so many poeple would fit in well in the Salem of old. The advantages and defects of such an approach have been well illustrated by a recent essay on witches by Professor Trevor-Roper. Macfarlane, guided I think by his anthropological reading, has unearthed some very interesting facts. Whether he be of evill fame, or report. In fact Macfarlane, largely on the basis of E. Permission to quote from documents at the Public Record Office was also generously given. The E-mail message field is required.
He provides a new Preface that puts forth a broader overview of witchcraft and looks at its place around the world--from ancient times right up to the present. The Legal Background to Witchcraft Prosecutions at the Secular Courts -- 3. Reasons for the Rise and Decline of Witchcraft Prosecutions -- Part Four. Such an expansion is well illustrated by research in England. Perkins, Damned Art William Perkins, A Discourse of the Damned Art of Witchcraft Cambridge, 1608. The second edition of this classic work adds a new historiographical introduction, placing the book in context today.
In this way witchcraft was similar to murder by poison, but differed from all other crimes. They were, however, not the evil creatures described by their persecutors, but a highly organized pagan cult. A True and Just Recorde of the Information, Examination and Confession of all the Witches, taken at S. The book provides an important case study on Essex as well as drawing comparisons with other regions of early modern England. If Essex experienced high levels of witchcraft prosecution in the Elizabethan period, it had also experienced a high level of burnings of Protestants in the reign of Mary: 52 were burnt in Essex, more than in any county other than Kent, certainly more than Sussex 27 , Middlesex 13 , or Hertfordshire 3.
The difficulty of proving a person guilty of witchcraft meant that extraordinary witnesses were permitted. The second edition of this classic work adds a new historiographical introduction, placing the book in context today. Stuart Clark, Thinking with Demons: the Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1997. A considerable part of the documentary research upon which this work is based would have been impossible without the superb facilities offered by the Essex Record Office. Thomas Hylland Eriksen, Small Places, Large Issues: an Introduction to Social and Cultural Anthropology London and East Haven, Conn. And, second, there has been an unease about whether the type of functional anthropology which characterized the writings of Evans-Pritchard and later writers in the tradition he founded is useful to history, a discipline which is, in the last resort, about explaining change.